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Windows and Linux server are capable of many different information technology tasks. Organizations that offer data centre services know what the servers need to do. They may even have multiple servers for different functions. The file server, a database server, and a web server. Sometimes a server may perform more than one of these functions simultaneously. Dedicating a server to a specific function frees up almost all of the server's memory and processing power to perform the necessary function. The company that runs the service must decide whether to run Windows or Linux. They must understand the benefits and drawbacks of each operating system.

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Linux Wins on Security and Licensing Costs


Linux, which is an open-source version of Unix, is distributed under the open source model. This does not mean it is "free" software in the normal sense. It means that users are free to modify the source code and contribute their own additions. The practical benefit is that many versions of Linux are available for free. The business does not have to pay extra money if an extra computer or two runs them.


Linux computers also offer superior security to Windows systems. A number of options allow the user to shore up security holes, it is still harder for a hacker to enter into a Unix system. The open source nature also means that thousands of programmers from around the world try to plug these security holes once someone discovers them. Even though Microsoft does a good job releasing security patches, it does not do it as quickly as open source software packages can.


Windows Offers Greater Compatibility and Ease of Use


Windows is the desktop operating system of choice for many companies. It is ubiquitous, and most high schools and universities train people to use Microsoft Office software. More tech savvy people can easily adapt to programs like Corel's WordPerfect or the open source LibreOffice, but there is a learning curve. Most employees want to use the standardized software. This logic also applies to operating systems. Businesses are more likely to find employees who know how to use Windows. Some colleges do not even train computer networking students in any form of Unix or Linux.


Windows, unlike its primary open source competitor, is compatible with all of the most common types of hardware and software. Information technology specialists do not have to tinker with the operating system to get it to work in most circumstances. The server versions are a bit more complex, and the purchasing agents should check the hardware comparability list before installing any hardware.


Until the mid-1990s all server software ran Unix or some Unix-clone, like Linux. The birth of the World Wide Web caused the Internet to soar in popularity. Today, Linux maintains a slight edge because of the cost advantage, but Windows gains ground. If a company is already using Windows products, it may not be cost-efficient to switch to an open source alternative, unless they already have IT staff with Linux certifications.